U Series Ultra Resolution Positioners (XY/10nm)
Overview

Luminos U Series Ultra Resolution Positioners utilize the Luminos designed Ultra Precise Linear Stepping Motor Actuator and deliver industry leading 0.1um bi-directional backlash with incremental move capability finer than 10nm resolution on the X and Y axis.

U Series Positioners provide full 2.5mm x 2.5mm x 12.7mm XYZ travel range and offer significant performance improvements compared to Luminos automated I3000 and I6000 positioners which also provide photonics grade alignment with smaller travel ranges.

U Series Positioners represent a significant leap in automation capability, delivering a five fold increase in working resolution (actual minimum movement without lost micro-steps) and an overall speed increase of 12x with a 25x greater motor travel envelope.

U Series Positioners deliver performance that far exceeds SMF-28 Singlemode Fiber Alignment requirements.  Using only stepping motor controls, there is no need for closed loop compensation or fine stages and additional controllers. You can also easily align SM waveguides to within 0.01 dB of optimized without backlash compensation.

U6 Ultra Positioner

U6 Ultra XYZ/RYP Positioner

Fiber and Photonics Alignment - No Piezos Required

In the Photonics industry it is generally accepted that Alignment Stages need to resolve to about 1% of beam size or waveguide MFD. For aligning SMF-28 with 10um MFD, a resolution of 100nm is usually acceptable – or was.  With the emergence of cutting edge planar photonic devices there is an increasing requirement to align smaller and smaller waveguide structures sometimes as fine as 2um MFD.

 

It is becoming clear that a new standard of about 20nm resolution is needed for Photonics Positioning Stages. Most major positioning stage manufacturers offer automated alignment systems that employ Coarse + Fine travel stages with multiple levels of controllers, in order to meet Photonics resolution requirements. Many such course travel stages have motor actuators with up to 5-10um of backlash. The use of fine travel piezo stages is therefore not an option, resulting in increased system complexity.

U3 Ultra Positoner

U3 Ultra XYZ Positioner

Ultra Low Backlash

Luminos Positioners are unique in industry, delivering consistent micro-stepping performance using a frictionless and inherently time stable in-line configured flexure-based positioning platform, paired with custom open loop stepping motor actuators designed with ample torque margin. Frictionless drive mechanisms are also used to ensure that the actuators operate under uniform preloads. When aligning waveguides, the X & Y axes usually require more than 5X higher resolution than the Z axis. Taking unique advantage of the differing requirements, Luminos stages strategically incorporate patented Ratio Drive™ mechanisms on the X & Y alignment axes. The XYZ actuators all move 12.5mm however, on Luminos Automated U Series Positioners, the X & Y move their full 2.5mm travel under control of the motor. This results in 5X greater precision in the more critical X & Y axes outputting an incredibly low 0.1um bi-directional backlash with 10nm resolution. Most importantly - no Piezo’s required!

Photonic Waveguide Alignment

Lateral Alignment Sensitivity

To help understand the level of precision required for aligning photonic waveguides, consider an Industry Benchmark: the SMF-28 single-mode optical fiber with 10um mode field (MFD). Figure #1 depicts how the ends of two optical fiber waveguides would be moved in the X direction to examine Optical Loss vs Lateral Alignment. Typically, one fiber would be connected to a light source and the other to a power meter. The optical loss is equally sensitive to lateral movement in the X and Y directions for SMF-28 which is a round symmetrical waveguide. As industry moves towards advanced planar optical waveguide devices, it becomes more common to see planar waveguides with a 2-3um MFD. It becomes even more important for positioning systems to have margin.

Figure #1-b.jpg
Figure #2-b.jpg

Optical Loss vs. Lateral Alignment

Figure #2

Optical Loss vs. Lateral X or Y Alignment

Figure #1

Figure #2 shows a plot of the Optical Loss vs Lateral Alignment of SMF-28 optical fibers within the range of +/- 1um of ideal alignment. Most optical power meters have a typical 0.01 dB resolution which can be seen to correspond to a target X displacement range of 0.46um. If a positioning stage were to have less than 0.46um bi-directional backlash, then it becomes possible to write optimization software that does not need to rely heavily on backlash compensation. It also becomes possible to design a positioning system that does not have to switch between coarse and fine movement controls. The majority of actuators on the market that can meet the Figure #2 Target are complex closed loop units with encoders or compound stepping motor actuators often with additional Piezo fine stages built in.  Luminos stages offer many strategic advantages. Luminos U Series Ultra Positioners deliver a positioning stage architecture unique to the market. Luminos offers the only stages that can deliver 0.1um bidirectional backlash on X & Y with simple incremental stepping motor controls. Photonics waveguide alignment without requiring the use of Piezos or encoders. A simplified approach to meeting and exceeding the requirements of photonics waveguide alignment systems. In fact, Figure #2 shows there is margin in accuracy for going far beyond the requirements of aligning SMF-28.

X or Y Axis (um)

Axial Alignment Sensitivity

Figure #3 depicts how the ends of two optical fibers would be moved to examine Optical Loss vs Axial Alignment.  It is assumed that the optical fibers are in ideal X & Y alignment and only the Z gap spacing is varying.  The loss measurements shown in Figure #2 & Figure #4 were taken with index matching fluid between the ends of the optical fibers to eliminate Fresnel interference effects.

Figure #3-b.jpg

Optical Loss vs. Axial Alignment

Figure #3

Optical Loss vs. Axial Gap Size SMF28 @ 1550nm (9/125µm fiber) Index Matched

Figure #4

Figure #4-b.jpg

Z Axis (um)

In Figure #4, Optical Loss vs. Axial Gap Size, optical loss is observed to be far less sensitive to axial movement than to lateral movement, as seen in Figure #2. The difference in target size for a 0.01dB offset is measured as 3.76um vs 0.46um. This differing alignment sensitivity can be significant in low NA optical waveguides and is uniquely taken advantage of with Luminos Ratio Drive™, incorporating highly engineered frictionless flexure drive mechanisms within the X & Y axes of all Luminos stages.  Another strategic benefit of Luminos Ratio Drive™ is increased stability. When the motor actuators warm slightly, any resulting thermally induced change in position is also reduced by the same Ratio. As a result, Luminos stages are inherently more stable than comparable direct driven stages and are reputed by customers to maintain very stable alignment while idling for long periods of time even many days.

Specifications
Travel
Axis
Z - focus
Output Travel
U Actuator Travel

12.7mm (0.50")

12.7mm (0.5")

Y - vertical
X - lateral
Roll
Yaw
Pitch

12.7mm (0.50")

12.7mm (0.50")

12.0 mm (0.47")

6.0 mm (0.24")

6.0 mm (0.24")

2.5mm (0.1")

2.5mm (0.1")

±1.5 degrees

±1.5 degrees

±1.5 degrees

Resolution
Axis
Resolution
Z

50nm (2µ-inch)

Y

10nm (0.4µ-inch)

X
Roll

10nm (0.4µ-inch)

0.043 arc sec

Yaw

0.086 arc sec

Pitch

0.086 arc sec

µ-Steps

266,666

266,666

266,666

251,968

125,952

125,952

Full Steps

4,167

4,167

4,167

3,937

1,968

1,968

Resolution at the output of the positioning stage is based on the micro-stepping controller operating at 64µ-steps/full step. One full step = 0.00012” [3.048 µm] at the actuator. One µ-Step = 1.875 µ-inch [47.6 nm] at the Z output. At the X and Y output, consistent 10nm movements are delivered.

Comments
Stage Configuration & Arc Error Motion

Dual

Direct Drive

None - True Linear Motion

Axis
Z
Flexure Type
Drive Type
Arc Error
Y

Single

Max 30µm - Arc Error in Z only

X
Roll

Single

5x Ratio Drive™

Single

Rotational

Max 30µm - Arc Error in Z only

Max 35µm

Yaw

Dual

Rotational

None

Pitch

Dual

Rotational

None

Linear Stiffness

130 kN/m

95 kN/m

measured at the rotation center

40 kN/m

Along Axis
Z
Y
X
Stiffness
Comments
Torsional Stiffness
About Axis
Z - roll
Stiffness
Comments

75Nm/rad

Y - yaw

100Nm/rad

X - pitch

130Nm/rad

measured at the rotation center

Maximum Load
Static Load
Transient Load

2.2 lbs (1 kg)

10 lbs (4.5 kg)

Comments

Stage must be protected from shock loading during transport and usage

Physical Properties
Specifications
Comments
Characteristics
Construction
Weight
Body Dimensions
Mounting Height
Mounting Configuration

Aluminum

1.5 kg

5.79" x 1.75" x 5.19"

5.19"

0.26" diameter holes

6061 & 7075 - T6 anodized

Approximate

LxWxH excluding micrometers

Base to top of mounting plate

Coincident Rotation Center

1/2"

1"

Above top of mounting plate

Out from end of mounting plate

1.00" x 4.00" centers (compatible with1.00" grid optical tables, units mount on 2" intervals with 0.25" allowance for routing of cables, etc.

Order
Positioner Options